African Countries no Longer Need to Choose between the US and China for Development

During the Cold War the Russians provided diplomatic, economic, military, and educational support for numerous African liberation movements. These included Algeria, Angola, Cape Verde, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Madagascar, Sao Tome & Principe, and Tanzania. As a result many young Africans were educated in Moscow. Russia began to trade and interact with these states routinely. It sent in military intelligence officers to establish a strong presence and ensure that Africa was not purely influenced by the West. The Russians developed relations with Africa so intensely that for the 10 years between 1950 and 1960 it surpassed the influence of colonizing powers.  When Putin came to power in 1999. Under his leadership Russia has started to regain its economic and political clout in Africa. Putin has jumpstarted Russia’s diplomatic, economic, and military ties with its former African allies.  Russia’s interests have mainly been in energy, oil and gas as well as defence, and has been accused of political interference in some African elections. Researchers say that the danger for Moscow is that, the more progress it makes with African governments, the more likely it is that its interests will collide with those of either China or the US—or both.SOURCE:  QUARTZ AFRICA

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